The third largest city in Taiwan, Taichung is a glimpse at what Taipei used to look like before its big boom in the 1970s. Located on a plain, Taichung has the best year-round weather. The city was founded in 1721 by mainland Chinese immigrants who named it Tatun, the Big Mound. Today, Chungshan Park sits on the mound where the first settlement was built. It's two pavilions in the lotus-filled lake are local landmarks. The Martyrs' Shrine, built in 1970, is an excellent example of the harmony and balance in traditional Chinese architecture and is said to rival the shrine in Taipei. It was built to commemorate the 72 Chinese beheaded by the Manchu court in 1911 prior to the country's revolution.